Red Fort (Delhi): History, Amazing Facts and Things to Do

The Red Fort, also known as Lal Qila or Qila-e-Mubarak, is a 17th-century fort complex located in the walled city of Old Delhi in India. It was the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years, until 1857. The Red Fort is a symbol of India’s independence and a major tourist attraction.


The Red Fort was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638. The fort was built as a symbol of the Mughal Empire’s power and grandeur. It was designed to be the centre of the Mughal capital, Shahjahanabad, and was the site of the Mughal court. The fort was also used as a military stronghold and was the site of many battles, including during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

The Red Fort was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. It is one of the most iconic monuments in India and is a symbol of the country’s rich cultural and historical heritage.

Amazing Facts

• The Red Fort is made of red sandstone and is surrounded by a moat. • The fort is 2 km long and 1 km wide, and has four gates, the Delhi Gate, the Lahori Gate, the Ajmeri Gate and the Turkman Gate. • The fort has several buildings, including the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), the Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque), the Hammam (Royal Baths) and the Rang Mahal (Palace of Colours). • The Red Fort is home to the world-famous sound and light show, which is held every evening.

Things to Do at Red Fort

• Explore the fort: The Red Fort is one of the most important monuments in India and a must-visit for any tourist. Take a guided tour of the fort to learn more about its history and architecture.

• Visit the museums: The Red Fort has several museums, including the Archaeological Museum, the Museum of Indian History and the Museum of Modern Art. These museums have a wide range of exhibits that you can explore.

• Watch the sound and light show: The Red Fort’s sound and light show is one of the most popular attractions in Delhi. The show is held every evening and tells the story of the Mughal Empire.

• Shop at the bazaars: The Red Fort is home to several bazaars, where you can buy souvenirs, jewellery, clothes and more.

• Attend cultural events: The Red Fort is the venue for several cultural and religious events, including the Republic Day Parade and the Independence Day celebrations.

• Enjoy the views: The Red Fort has some of the best views of Old Delhi. Take a stroll around the fort and enjoy the views of the city.