North America: El Salvador Geography

El Salvador is a small country located in Central America, bordered by Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the east. It is the smallest and most densely populated country in the region, with a population of 6.4 million people. El Salvador is also one of the most geographically diverse countries in the region, with a wide range of topography and climates.

El Salvador is divided into 14 departments, with the capital city of San Salvador at its center. The country is divided into three distinct geographic regions. The northern region is known as the Balsamo-San Miguel Corridor, and it is characterized by flat, low-lying plains. This region is the most densely populated area of the country, and it is home to most of the country’s major cities. The central region is known as the Central Highlands, and it is characterized by rolling hills and valleys. This region is home to the country’s highest mountain, Cerro El Pital, which stands at 8,957 feet (2,732 meters) above sea level. The southern region is known as the Pacific Lowlands, and it is characterized by coastal plains and mangrove swamps.

El Salvador’s climate is tropical, with two distinct seasons. The dry season runs from November to April, and the wet season runs from May to October. The country’s average annual temperature is 73°F (23°C). The average annual rainfall is around 70 inches (1,800 mm).

El Salvador is home to a wide range of ecosystems, from tropical rainforests to mangrove swamps. The country is home to a variety of wildlife, including jaguars, monkeys, iguanas, and numerous species of birds. El Salvador also has an impressive array of plants, including orchids, bromeliads, and cacti.

El Salvador has a rich and diverse culture, with influences from both the indigenous peoples and the Spanish. The country is home to numerous festivals and celebrations, including the Festival of San Salvador, which is held in the capital city each year. El Salvador also has an active music and art scene, with numerous galleries and music venues.

El Salvador is an important economic and political power in Central America, and it is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and the Organization of American States. The country is also a major tourist destination, with its beautiful beaches and vibrant culture drawing visitors from around the world.