Europe Spain Population: An Overview of the Numbers

Europe is home to some of the world’s most populous countries, with Spain being one of them. With a population of over 47 million people, Spain is the fifth-most populous country in the European Union and the second-largest economy in the Eurozone. The country’s population has grown steadily over the past few decades, with the majority of the population living in the metropolitan areas of Madrid and Barcelona.

In terms of demographics, Spain is considered to be a relatively young country. The median age of the population is 42.7 years, which is lower than the European Union average of 43.4 years. This is due in part to the country’s relatively high fertility rate of 1.36 children per woman, which is higher than the EU average of 1.58 children per woman. Additionally, Spain has a higher percentage of people aged 15-24 than the EU average, with 17.5% of the population falling into this age group.

Immigration has also played a major role in the population growth of Spain. In the past two decades, the country has seen a large influx of immigrants from Latin American countries such as Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru, as well as from North African countries such as Morocco and Algeria. As a result, the foreign-born population has grown from 7.3% in 2001 to 13.4% in 2019.

Despite the population growth, Spain has seen a decrease in its population growth rate in recent years. The population growth rate was 0.37% in 2018, down from 0.46% in 2017. This decline is largely due to the country’s aging population and the decrease in the fertility rate. In addition, the number of deaths has exceeded the number of births in the past two years, leading to a natural population decline.

Despite the population growth rate decline, Spain is still projected to have a population of over 50 million by 2050. This is due in part to the country’s immigration policies, which have been more open and welcoming in recent years. Additionally, the country’s fertility rate is projected to remain above the EU average, which will help to offset the natural population decline.

Overall, Spain is a country with a large and growing population. The country’s population growth rate has declined in recent years, but the population is still projected to exceed 50 million by 2050. Immigration has played a major role in the population growth, and the country’s fertility rate is projected to remain above the EU average.